The Indian Constitution is India’s ultimate law. It is the world’s longest published charter, outlining the fundamental rights and duties of the people and state. The Indian Constitution went into force on January 26, 1950, establishing India as an independent state and a democracy.
The Man behind Indian Constitution
Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, the father of the Indian Constitution, was an aspiring statesman, correspondent, economist, and social activist who battled against untouchability and other discriminations. On August 29, 1947, he constituted the ‘Drafting Body,’ a seven-member panel. The panel was chaired by Dr. BR Ambedkar, and the other representatives were N. Gopalaswami, Alladi Krishnaswami Ayyas, K.M Munshi, Saijo Mola Saadulla, N. Madhava Rao, and D.P Khaitan.
Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar took charge of Free India’s first Law Ministery, and he presented the final draft of the Constitution to the Constituent Assembly. Born into a Mahar caste household, he witnessed aggression and prejudice against “untouchables or Harijans”.
He argued for an accountable administration created by elected representatives of the people. Dr. Ambedkar did not wish to force a Constitution on the Indians, but he argued that the people’s preferences for how they wanted to be administered should be respected.
Dr. Ambedkar’s contribution to Indian democracy should not be overlooked. As head of the Constitutional Commission, he shaped our nation into a fully sovereign, democracy, and republic based on people’s participation.
Baba Saheb Ambedkar’s legacy will forever be etched in gilded inscriptions in Indian history as a social justice pioneer. This is undeniably true. He was not only a man of wisdom and the architect of the Constitution, but he was also the originator of social equality and the welfare of the oppressed. He was one of few individuals in Indian history who may be considered a blessing to the Indian liberation fight.
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