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What is Commodity Trading? What is MCX?

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Commodities – Introduction

Commodities are predefined assets or natural resources having economic worth utilized in the production of processed products. With the exception of enforceable claims and revenue, it can be defined as any moveable asset that is purchased or sold. Commodity grade could vary, but it needs to be fairly consistent on certain parameters among various providers.

What is Commodity Trading? What is MCX?

In the stock market, there are two main categories of commodities: hard commodities and soft commodities. Hard commodities are frequently utilized as resources in the production of many other products and the supply of services, whereas soft commodities are primarily employed for direct use. Metals and minerals are categorized as hard commodities, whereas maize and wheat are categorized as soft commodities.

Commodity Trading

Commodity trading is the buying and selling of diverse resources and their derived goods. Commodities are exchanged on markets or in the open market. For being allowed to trade, commodities should fulfill the basic requirements imposed by the market. Investors can purchase such commodities at spot price or via derivatives like options or futures contracts. 

Other than traditional equities, commodity trading provides a diverse portfolio benefit. Furthermore, because commodity prices move in the reverse direction of share prices, traders engage in commodity trading amid times of market instability.

To engage in the Indian commodities market, one should first learn how to engage in commodity exchanges. A commodities exchange is a controlled market wherein goods are traded. Investors may elect to engage in Futures contracts rather than taking physical deliveries of goods. A futures contract is a transaction to purchase or sell a specific amount of a commodity at a predetermined value and in a specified time frame.

Following are national commodity exchanges in India:

  1. Multi Commodity Exchange of India Ltd 
  2. Bombay Stock Exchange
  3. National Stock Exchange
  4. National Commodity and Derivative Exchange
  5. Indian Commodity Exchange

Reasons That Affect Commodity Prices

Supply and Demand

It is one of the most important elements influencing commodity pricing. It fluctuates throughout time, according to the season, as well as regional and foreign factors.


Geopolitical issues influence commodities trade prices both directly and indirectly.

Technology and Cost

This is another aspect influencing commodities pricing. Long-term technical advancements may lead to higher outputs, lowering the effective cost of manufacturing.

What is MCX?

The Multi Commodity Exchange of India Limited, or MCX, is the nation’s 1st commodity derivatives market, permitting digital commodity derivatives trade. The Commodities exchange, which began activities in November 2003, is governed by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).

MCX functions similarly to the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and the National Stock Exchange (NSE), providing commodity futures instruments in sectors such as agriculture products, metals, minerals, and energies, amongst many others.

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